Biological oxygen demand bod of water sample analysis essay

However, fairly high concentration of nitrates and excessive presence of total culturable bacteria indicate an underlying fecal contamination.

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An orange-brown flocculent precipitate will form if oxygen is present. BOD test is a biological test; dependent on the actions of the microorganisms found in the wastewater and, as such, is subject to a number of variations. By modeling the river and estuarine systems, it is possible to assess the assimilative capacity of these systems and thus to predict the impacts of the proposed discharged.

Untreated waste water usually contains numerous pathogenic or disease-causing micro organisms that dwell in the human intestinal tract or that may be present in certain industrial waste. This group of bacteria is inhabitant of the human intestinal tract and although they do not cause any harm, their presence might be associated with the presence of other pathogenic micro-organisms.

Biochemical Oxygen Demand

For example, for satisfactory biological wastewater decomposition i. Record the results in the appropriate column of the data sheet. Any samples containing residual chlorine must be pretreated to remove chlorine before the test is run.

When plants grow quickly, they also die quickly. The is a qualitative characteristic that can be used to assess the general condition of waste water; fresh waste water is usually pinkish yellow due to malt it contains. Also filtration is done with filter aid which is washed off as effluent.

Fats and grease,carbohydrates and fats. At this stage, anaerobic bacteria would start the decomposition of the dead aquatic life and cause the production of foul smelling hydrogen sulfide. Generally brewery effluent poses a serious problem in the environment.

Biological oxygen demand (BOD)

One of the major disadvantages of the BOD test is the time lag between the collection of samples and the final calculation of results.

That means that you must be able to reach into the water with both arms and the water must be deeper than the sample bottle. The measurement of temperature is important because most waste water treatment schemes include biological processes that are temperature dependent.

Measurement of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (Bod)

Find the maximum concentration of your sample at that temperature as given in Table 5. If you are in the field, you can manually swirl the flask to mix. Procedure; Add ml dilute water then take DO reading immediately Closed properly and keep into the incubator C.

It might be for the same reason that the values of ammonia concentration are fairly low as the ammonia that is initially formed from the biodegradation is being rapidly converted into nitrate.

The advantage of buying larger quantities in bottles is that the cost per test is considerably less. However, industrial waste waters contain pollutants which if freely discharge into the free environmentleads to both physical and chemical changes of the environment such as colorationbiological condition ,reduction in quality and quantity of the biotic floral and human aesthetical assets.Biological oxygen demand (BOD) is a pollution index that is monitored in the treated effluent of paper mills.

BOD measures the amount of oxygen required to completely oxidize all the organics in one liter of water. High levels of BOD can be hazardous to aquatic life because the oxygen that would normally be used for Continue reading.

Finding the biological oxygen demand of a sample(BOD) Two determinations of the dissolved oxygen content of a mL sample of water made five days apart, gave ppm and ppm of dissolved O2, respectively.

What is the biological oxygen demand of the sample? Finding the biological oxygen demand of a sample(BOD) Related. Chemical characteristics of wastewater can be described in terms of chemical oxygen demand (COD),Biological oxygen demand (BOD), dissolved gases CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) This is a measure of the amount of oxidizable matter present in the sample that is susceptible to oxidation by a strong chemical oxidants.

Biochemical oxygen demand or biological oxygen demand is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by aerobic biological organisms in a body of water to break down organic material present in a given water sample at certain temperature over a specific time period.

It is one of the most common measures of pollutant organic material in water. Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD) is a measure of the rate at which oxygen is being removed from sample of water.

2 Dissolved Oxygen and Biochemical Oxygen Demand

This is the standard test used at. Dissolved Oxygen in Water Essay example; Dissolved Oxygen in Water Essay example.

Words Jul 10th, 3 Pages. Decreased DO levels may also be indicative of too many bacteria and an excess amount of biological oxygen demand Comparative analysis of portable water of Dhaka City Course: ENV Section: 34 Semester: .

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Biological oxygen demand bod of water sample analysis essay
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