Certainly I can feel this way about someone else, but it was assumed at the outset that I feel consistent feelings about myself because I am good. For without friends no one would choose to live, though he had all other goods; even rich men and those in possession of office and of dominating power are thought to need friends most of all; for what is the use of such prosperity without the opportunity of beneficence, which is exercised chiefly and in its most laudable form towards friends?
Aristotle makes use of this claim when he proposes that in the ideal community each child should receive the same education, and that the responsibility for providing such an education should be taken out of the hands of private individuals and made a matter of common concern a21—7.
So it is clear that exercising theoretical wisdom is a more important component of our ultimate goal than practical wisdom. Emotion challenges reason in all three of these ways. The greater it is, the more exposed is it to risk. Intellectual Virtues Since Aristotle often calls attention to the imprecision of ethical theory see e.
Is this passion something that must be felt by every human being at appropriate times and to the right degree? Though he is guided to some degree by distinctions captured by ordinary terms, his methodology allows him to recognize states for which no names exist.
These people seem to bear goodwill to each other; but how could one call them friends when they do not know their mutual feelings? It is not possible to get wealth from the common stock and at the same time honour.
There is no universal rule, for example, about how much food an athlete should eat, and it would be absurd to infer from the fact that 10 lbs.
A standard or measure is something that settles disputes; and because good people are so skilled at discovering the mean in difficult cases, their advice must be sought and heeded. A friendship of convenience and a friendship of pleasure is, in my opinion, a fresh relationship.
These analogies can be taken to mean that the form of akrasia that Aristotle calls weakness rather than impetuosity always results from some diminution of cognitive or intellectual acuity at the moment of action.
And so in a way Socrates was right. Nonetheless, an excellent juror can be described as someone who, in trying to arrive at the correct decision, seeks to express the right degree of concern for all relevant considerations.
To keep such destructive inner forces at bay, we need to develop the proper habits and emotional responses when we are children, and to reflect intelligently on our aims when we are adults. Nicomachean ethics friendship essay follows from this conception of pleasure that every instance of pleasure must be good to some extent.
One might like someone because he is good, or because he is useful, or because he is pleasant. In fact, some scholars have held that X. Book VI discusses five intellectual virtues, not just practical wisdom, but it is clear that at least one of these—craft knowledge—is considered only in order to provide a contrast with the others.
Aristotle does not deny that when we take pleasure in an activity we get better at it, but when he says that pleasure completes an activity by supervening on it, like the bloom that accompanies those who have achieved the highest point of physical beauty, his point is that the activity complemented by pleasure is already perfect, and the pleasure that accompanies it is a bonus that serves no further purpose.
If we use reason well, we live well as human beings; or, to be more precise, using reason well over the course of a full life is what happiness consists in. What Aristotle has in mind when he talks about theoria is the activity of someone who has already achieved theoretical wisdom.
His examples are people who are asleep, mad, or drunk; he also compares the akratic to a student who has just begun to learn a subject, or an actor on the stage a10— Although there is no possibility of writing a book of rules, however long, that will serve as a complete guide to wise decision-making, it would be a mistake to attribute to Aristotle the opposite position, namely that every purported rule admits of exceptions, so that even a small rule-book that applies to a limited number of situations is an impossibility.
Ethical virtue is fully developed only when it is combined with practical wisdom b14— And cousins and other kinsmen are bound up together by derivation from brothers, viz.
On the other hand, Aristotle does not mean to imply that every pleasure should be chosen. We can also compare these goods with other things that are desirable in themselves—pleasure, friendship, honor, and so on—and ask whether any of them is more desirable than the others.
Not only does the better man think he ought to get more, since more should be assigned to a good man, but the more useful similarly expects this; they say a useless man should not get as much as they should, since it becomes an act of public service and not a friendship if the proceeds of the friendship do not answer to the worth of the benefits conferred.
They agree about the value of pleasure, defend a theory about its nature, and oppose competing theories.
Nonetheless, Aristotle insists, the highest good, virtuous activity, is not something that comes to us by chance.Essay on Nicomachean Ethics: Friendship, Virtue and Happiness - In the writings of Aristotle, seen in Nicomachean Ethics, it is evident that Aristotle believes that friendship is necessary for a virtuous and therefore happy life.
I believe that this is accurate due to the similar conditions necessary for a complete friendship and a happy life.
Aristotles Friendship Nicomachean Ethics. Print Reference this.
Published: 23rd March, Last Edited: 9th May, Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You. In Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics, he states that there are three types of friendships that can be obtained- the friendship of pleasure, the friendship of utility and the friendship of good.
The friendship of pleasure is a relationship based on the simple enjoyment of being around a particular person; the friendship of utility is a relationship 4/4(1).
The current piece was undertaken with a view to simply understanding friendship as Aristotle conceived of it. Essay 1: Eudaimonia in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics || Essay 3: Egoism in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics Bibliography Annas, Julia.
"Plato and Aristotle on Friendship and Altruism. Apr 04, · Nicomachean Ethics I chose to write about Aristotle and his beliefs about how the virtuous human being needs friends from Book VIII from Nicomachean Ethics.
In this essay I will talk about the three different kinds of friendship that (Utility. A summary of Book VIII in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means.
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