St ireneaus bishop of lyons essay

Since the world is material, and leaves much room for improvement, they denied that God had made it. He decisively claimed the original holiness of matter, of the body, of the flesh no less than of the spirit.

Irenaeus is the first to draw comparisons between Eve and Marycontrasting the faithlessness of the former with the faithfulness of the latter.

Saints and Feasts

Jesus, therefore, only appeared to be born and die and could never have suffered contamination by mortal flesh. In the congregations that were founded by the apostles, who set trustworthy men in charge of them, and charged them to pass on the teaching unchanged to future generations through carefully chosen successors.

The bodily remains of St. It was the spread of gnosticism in Gaul, and the ravages it was making among the Christians of his diocese, that inspired him to undertake the task of exposing its errors.

Of this work we possess a very ancient Latin translation, the scrupulous fidelity of which is beyond doubt. Though Irenaeus did not actually refer to two testaments, one old and one new, he prepared the way for this terminology.

Many Asian priests and missionaries brought the gospel to the pagan Gauls and founded a local church. Dedicated to the Immaculate Heart of Mary. The significance of Irenaeus is found in his writings. The tomb and his remains were utterly destroyed in by the Huguenots. But inasmuch as it would be very tedious in a book like this to rehearse the lines of succession in every church, we will put to confusion all those who, either from waywardness or conceit or blindness or obstinacy combine together against the truth, by pointing to the tradition, derived from the Apostles, of that great and illustrious Church founded and organized at Rome by the two glorious Apostles, Peter and Paul, and to the faith declared to mankind and handed down to our own time through its bishops in their succession.

Polycarpthe disciple of St. In many cases Irenaeus acted as mediator between various contending factions. Irenaeus had also the privilege of sitting at the feet of men who had known the Apostles.

Above all, he cites the authoritative tradition of the Church of Rome, handed down from Peter and Paul through an unbroken succession of bishops. Irenaeus likens death to the big fish that swallowed Jonah: His principal work is the Refutation of Heresies, a defense of orthodox Christianity against its Gnostic rivals.

He ruled from 4 BC to 39 AD. We know that he was from Smyrna in Asia Minor and a student there of Polycarp who was a disciple of the apostle John. When I mention this, I often get blank stares, but not many years ago many popular science magazines carried their advertisements, with assertions that ShakespeareBenjamin Franklin, Leonardo da Vinci, Plato, Archimedes, and so on had all been members of a secret society called the Rosicrucians, and owed their achievements largely to this fact.

Saint Irenaeus

Irenaeus is found in his book Adversus Haereses: One solution was to say that there were thirty beings called AEons, and that God had made the first AEon, which made the second AEon, which made the third, and so on to the thirtieth AEon, which made the world.

Thus, he cautiously states: Irenaeus uses the Logos theology he inherited from Justin Martyr. Against such statements Irenaeus maintains that the bishops in different cities are known as far back as the Apostles—and none of them was a Gnostic—and that the bishops provided the only safe guide to the interpretation of Scripture.

Keep us, we pray, steadfast in your true religion, that in constancy and peace we may walk in the way that leads to eternal life; through Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, for ever and ever.

He produced a treatise in five books in which he sets forth fully the inner doctrines of the various sects, and afterwards contrasts them with the teaching of the Apostles and the text of the Holy Scripture.

In it, he outlines the beliefs of the Gnostics and then presents rebuttals to their arguments. Tertullian also discusses how it was necessary for God to be born of a Virgin so that what was lost through a woman would be saved through a woman. By taking a material body, the Son becomes the Savior and facilitates this entrance into the pleroma by making it possible for the Spirituals to receive his spiritual body.

InRoman Emperor Marcus Aurelius ordered a violent persecution of Christians in France, but Irenaeus escaped it because at the time he was on a journey to Rome, apparently carrying a letter to the church at Rome.

Irenaeus entitle him to a high place among the fathers of the Church, for they not only laid the foundations of Christian theology but, by exposing and refuting the errors of the gnostics, they delivered the Catholic Faith from the real danger of the doctrines of those heretics.

This is the "Proof of the Apostolic Preaching. In reconstructing Gnostic doctrines, therefore, modern scholars relied to a great extent on the writings of Irenaeus, who summarized the Gnostic views before attacking them. It was an appearance, so that he could communicate with men, but was not really there.

The fifth is a statement of positive belief contrasting the constantly shifting and contradictory Gnostic opinions with the steadfast faith of the church.InPothinus, the bishop of Lyons, sent him on a mission to Rome.

During his absence a severe persecution broke out in Lyons, claiming the lives of the bishop and others (see 2 June). When Irenaeus returned to Lyons, he was made bishop.

St. Irenaeus

To this church of Lyon, Irenaeus came to serve as a priest under its first bishop, St. Pothinus, an oriental like himself. In the yearIrenaeus was sent to Rome.

When he returned to Lyons it was to occupy the vacant bishopric. By this. St. Irenaeus of Lyons Pope Benedict XVI As a faithful Pastor and true defender of the one Apostolic Tradition, St. Irenaeus inspires us to perennially enliven and renew the Church.

Little is known about the career of Irenaeus after he became bishop. The last action reported of him (by Eusebius, years later) Like Ireneaus, Tertullian describes how Christ's Virgin birth parallels Adam's creation from virgin earth.

Ireaneus M.C.

St. Irenaeus Criticism - Essay

"The Role of Mary as Co-Recapitulator in St. Irenaeus of Lyons." Vigilae Christianae Died: AD (aged 72), Lugdunum in Gaul (modern-day Lyon, France). Here Irenaeus was sent to serve as priest under the bishop, Pothinus. The high regard which Irenaeus earned for himself at Lyons was shown in the yearwhen he was chosen to go on a serious mission to Rome.

St. Irenaeus Critical Essays

Question: "Who was Saint Irenaeus of Lyons?" Answer: Irenaeus (AD –) was the bishop of Lugdunum in Gaul (modern Lyons, France), a stalwart opponent of heresy, and an influential witness concerning the development of the biblical canon.

Little is known about the life of Irenaeus. We know that.

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